IfA Hilo Outreach - Koa's Resources
NA HOKU HO'OKELE-WA'A
(The Navigation Stars)
A selection of Hawaiian star names used by the navigators and crew of the Hokule'a during the voyage from Rarotonga to Honolulu, October 20 to November 20, 1992. Note: Refer to the Eastern and Western Horizon Diagrams—Rising and Setting Stars
'A'a ("Burning brightly"): Sirius in the constellation Canis Major, or the Big Dog; this blue-white star is the brightest in the sky.
Hawaiki (an ancient Polynesian homeland): Deneb in the constellation Cygnus.
Hoku-lei ("Star Lei"): Capella in the constellation Auriga ("Charioteer"); also the name for the constellation Auriga, which includes a circle of five stars forming a star-lei, the star Capella being the brightest star in the lei.
Hoku'ula ("Red star"): Aldebaran in the constellation Taurus.
Humu (a famous navigator): Altair in the constellation Aquila, the Eagle.
Ka Maile Mua ("The first maile"): Hadar, or Beta Centauri, in the constellation Centaurus, the Centaur.
Ka Maka ("The point of the fishhook"): Shaula in the constellation Scorpius. This is the point of Ka Maka Nui o Maui ("The Big Fishhook of Maui").
Kaulua-koko ("Brilliant red star"; "koko" means "blood; rainbow-hued"): Betelgeuse in the constellation Orion.
Ke Ali'i o kona i lia lewa ("The chief of the southern heavens"): Canopus in the constellation Carina, the Keel.
Keoe ("Sweet Potato"): Vega in the constellation Lyra.
Lehua-kona ("Southern Lehua blossom"): Antares in the constellation Scorpius.
Makali'i ("Little eyes" or "Little stars"): Pleiades a cluster of seven little stars.
Mole Honua ("The barren lands" or "the tap root of earth"): Acrux, the bottom of Hanai-a-ka-malama, the Southern Cross, which points to the celestial south pole.
Nana-Hope ("Look behind"): Pollux in the constellation Gemini..
Puana ("Blossom"): Procyon in the constellation Canis Minor, or the Little Dog.
Puana-kau ("Suspended Blossom"): Rigel in the constellation Orion.
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