Hiking to the Summit
VISITOR INFORMATION STATION
MAUNA KEA TRAIL
Hiking is at your own risk! Register at the VIS
Before you go…
- The average round-trip hiking time for experienced hikers is at least 10 hours. Plan to be back at the VIS by 6:00 p.m. or you may be stranded on the trail in the dark. Be aware that the sun sets earlier in the winter. Weather can change without warning, including the onset of fog. Summit daytime temperatures average between freezing and 40 degrees F (4.5 C).
- There is no public transportation on the Mountain. You should not assume you can get a ride down if you become tired or lost.
- Allow one-half quart of water for each hour on the trail (average 8 hours) -- be sure to keep well hydrated. Wear broad-brimmed hat, sunglasses, sunscreen, lip protection, long sleeve shirt and long pants, and sturdy but comfortable hiking boots. Carry a compass to find the road (east) in the event of severe weather. Carry aspirin (only) for headache. A dust mask is helpful in the early morning hours to pre-warm and pre-heat the air you're breathing, thus cutting down on the "lung burn" from exertion in the cold, dry air.
- Children under 16 years of age, pregnant women, and individuals with severe health problems including pulmonary and cardiac problems, high blood pressure, or a severe overweight condition SHOULD NOT HIKE on Mauna Kea without first consulting with their own personal physician.
- SCUBA divers MUST wait at least 24 hours before ascending Mauna Kea to avoid getting the “bends”. This means that if you were diving less than 24 hours ago, you should not be reading this on Mauna Kea.
- There are serious and potentially fatal consequences of hiking at high altitude....Mauna Kea IS HIGH ALTITUDE. Be familiar with the symptoms (described below) of Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS), High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE), and High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE). If you have had any of these conditions before, you are more susceptible to getting it again -- check with your personal physician before hiking on Mauna Kea.
- Please register at the VIS via the form in the box next to the VIS doorway. Include all information requested, for your own safety.
While on the trail…..
- Stay on the Trail
- Help out by removing trash you find along the trail.
- Carry plastic bags, etc., for human waste. Porta-potties are provided near the intersection of the trail with the upper paved road, six miles up from the VIS. All other waste should be carried out with you and disposed of properly.
- Do not build rock piles or otherwise disturb the landscape.
- It is a criminal violation to handle, disturb, or remove historic properties including archaeological and building sites (H.R.S. 63-71)
- Natural Area Reserve rules prohibit, among other activities, the following:
- to remove, injure or kill any form of plant or animal life, except game mammals and birds hunted according to department rules
- to introduce any form of plant or animal life, except dogs when permitted by hunting rules of the department and service animals accompanying their handlers
- to remove, damage or disturb any geological or paleontological features or substances
- to remove, damage or disturb any historic or prehistoric remains
- to remove, damage or disturb any notic, marker or structure
- to engage in any camping activity
- to start or maintain a fire
- to litter
- to enter into or otherwise disturb a lake or pond
- Take only pictures, leave only footprints
If problems arise….
- This is a wilderness area. There is no public transportation available on the Mountain. There are no rest areas or restrooms, and cell-phone service is spotty, and absent in places. If you find yourself lost or physically in trouble and it’s getting dark, head toward the road where you may encounter help.
- You ultimately are on your own all the way up and all the way down. We can never guarantee that a ride down is available.
- In an emergency, call 911
- The only appropriate treatment for altitude-related illnesses on Mauna Kea is evacuation to a lower elevation -- no higher than the VIS, and preferably to sea level. If symptoms do not get better at sea level, the individual should be admitted to a hospital for observation and treatment. Do not hesitate to get to the Mauna Kea Access Road and ask for assistance!
- IF MORE THAN ONE OF THE FOLLOWING SYMPTOMS IS PRESENT, DESCEND IMMEDIATELY. IF SYMPTOMS PERSIST AFTER DESCENT TO SEA LEVEL, SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION WITHOUT DELAY. THIS IS A MATTER OF LIFE OR DEATH!
Acute Mountain Sickness - AMS: mild to severe headache (which responds to aspirin), nausea (and/or vomiting), lack of appetite, sleeplessness, or malaise (not feeling well in a vague way and not having much energy). Altered balance and muscular coordination (ataxia). Altered mental state. Dizziness. Fainting. Extreme shortness of breath after almost any activity. Difficulty sleeping. Unusual patterns of breathing during sleep. Swelling in hands and face. Darker urine with heavy odor, and decreased urine output.
High Altitude Pulmonary Edema HAPE: headache, nausea (and/or vomiting) lack of appetite, dizziness, weakness and fatigue, increasing anxiety, unable to catch breath (even at rest), very rapid pulse, gurgling sounds in the lungs, very rapid respiration rate, dry cough at first then becoming wet (possibly pink), incoherence or hallucinations. Blue coloration in lips and under finger nails.
High Altitude Cerebral Edema HACE: headache (which doesn't respond to aspirin), nausea (and/or vomiting), loss of balance (ataxia), loss of muscular coordination, altered mental state, decreased mental functioning, psychological withdrawal, disorientation, confusion, hallucinations, weakness or numbness on one side of the body, being unable to talk, being unable to make sense while talking, coma.