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Space Missions

Mission Launch Target Science / IRTF Support

Galileo
Oct 1989 Jupiter system, asteroids
  • Jovian Atm (temporal evolution, global context)
  • Probe entry site
  • Io volcanism
  • Io flux tube

  • Near
    Feb 1996 Asteroid
  • Thermal vs. wavelength to model thermal inertia and T for interpreting 0.9-2.4um spectra
  • 10um spectra for minerology

  • Mars Global Surveyor
    Nov 1996 Mars Mars Surface, interior

    Cassini
    Oct 1997 Saturn System, asteroid, Titan
  • Mid IR spectroscopy of Saturn - temporal global coverage
  • Titan wind observations
  • Titan temporal IR spectroscopy
  • Icy Sats: 1-5um reflectance to plan VIMS
  • Rings - 1-5um spectra, thermal inertia

  • Neat
    ongoing NEOs, comets, asteroids
  • Immediate followup - 1-5um spectra surface comp
  • Size, albedo, thermal inertia within 0.25 AU

  • Deep Space 1
    Jul 1998 Comet
  • Nucleus/ast size, albedo, rotation to plan imaging
  • Thermal measurements to model dust environment prior to encounter

  • Mars Climate Orbiter
    Dec 1998 Mars
  • monitor daily weather and atmospheric conditions
  • record changes on the martian surface from wind
  • measure atmospheric temperature profiles
  • monitor atmospheric water vapor

  • Mars Polar Lander
    Jan 1999 Mars Polar Regions
  • IR monitoring of dust (CO band) for knowledge of density for aerobraking
  • Monitor Atm. Temp for aerobraking

  • Deep Space 2
    Jan 1999 Mars Probe - on Mars Polar Lander New Millennium Mission - sub-surface samples

    Mars Surveyor 01
    Mar 2001 Mars
  • IR monitoring of dust (CO band) for knowledge of density for aerobraking
  • Monitor Atm. Temp for aerobraking
  • Long-term atm / weather observations - volatile cycles

  • Mars Surveyor 03
    May 2003 Mars
  • IR monitoring of dust (CO band) for knowledge of density for aerobraking
  • Monitor Atm. Temp for aerobraking
  • Long-term atm / weather observations - volatile cycles

  • Stardust
    Feb 1999 Comet sample return
  • Thermal emission of dust content-Model dust environ
  • Nucleus size / rotation for mission imaging

  • NEAP
    1999-2000 Asteroid
  • Thermal IR for size, albedo, rotation
  • Thermal vs. wavelength to model thermal inertia to interpret 0.9-2.4um spectra
  • 10um spectroscopy to get minerology

  • SIRTF
    2001 Various IR Space Telescope
  • Characterize classes of objects for target selection
  • Provide impt. 1-5 um spectra for characterizing brown dwarfs
  • Thermal measurements for interpretation of protoplanetary disk data

  • SOFIA
    Future Developing target lists Airborne observatory
  • Complementary wavelength coverage
  • Followup Observations
  • Instrumentation development

  • CONTOUR
    Jul 2002 Comets
  • Nucleus size, albedo, rotation for mission imaging
  • Thermal emission of dust for dust environment
  • Big IRTF campaign 11/03 for Encke Earth approach of 0.2 AU

  • Europa Orbiter
    2002-2003 Europa
  • Measure disk integrated thermal properties to compare to Galileo mission
  • Search for active endogenic hotspots in eclipse

  • Muses-C
    2002 Asteroid sample return
  • Thermal measurments for size, albedo, rotation
  • Thermal measurements versus wavelength for thermal inertia
  • 10 um spectroscopy for minerology

  • Pluto Fast Flyby
    2004 Pluto, Charon, KB objects
  • 1-5um SPEX spectra to monitor decay of atmosphere

  • Rosetta
    Jan 2003 Asteroids, Comet
  • Nucleus physical characteristics size, albedo, rotation - to plan imaging
  • Knowledge of dust environment

  • Deep Space 3
    late 2001 Bright astrophysical objects This will be a free-flying formation of 3 telescopes in space for high resolution imaging.

    Deep Space 4
    2003 Comet
  • Thermal emission for size and albedo
  • Thermal measurements of dust as a function of time to predict s/c environment
  • Search for local active areas

  • Solar Probe
    Nov 2003 Sun Fly through the solar corona.

    Space Interferometry
    Future Origins Space Observatory - high resolution imaging - planet search

    Terrestrial Planet Finder
    Future Origins Space Observatory - high resolution imaging - planet search

    Genesis
    Jan 2001 solar wind Discovery mission to study the solar wind

    Mercury Messenger
    2004 Mercury Discovery mission 7 - global surface and atmospheric study of the planet Mercury

    Deep Impact
    2004 Comet P/Tempel 1 Discovery mission 8 - comet impact
  • will study crater formation
  • interior structure of comet
  • change in comet activity

  • Visits since 10/99. Last Updated on December 15, 2001
    Karen. Meech, Institute for Astronomy, UH
    meech@ifa.hawaii.edu