GALAXIES: READING LIST

Spring 2005 Joshua Barnes Wed, Fri 2:00 to 3:15

Introduction
BT 1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 An Overview of the Observations
1 Stars
2 The Galaxy
3 Other galaxies
4 Open and globular clusters
5 Groups and clusters of galaxies
6 Galactic nuclei
SG 1.1 The stars
1.2 Our Milky Way
1.3 Other Galaxies
BM 1 GALAXIES: AN OVERVIEW
1.1 Introduction
1.2 A Brief History of Galactic Astronomy
1.2.1 Photometric models of the Milky Way
1.2.2 The nature of the spiral nebulae
1.2.3 Kinematic models of the Milky Way
1.2.4 Stellar populations
1.2.5 More recent developments
Morphology & environment
BM 4.1 Morphological Classification of Galaxies
4.1.1 The Hubble sequence
4.1.2 Effects of environment
4.1.3 The galaxy luminosity function
4.1.4 The Local Group
Elliptical galaxies. I
BM 4.2 Surface Photometry of Galaxies
4.2.1 The night sky
4.2.2 Effect of seeing
4.2.3 Deprojecting galaxy images
4.3 Photometry of Elliptical Galaxies
4.3.1 Radial surface-brightness profiles of elliptical galaxies
4.3.2 Color and line-strength gradients of elliptical galaxies
4.3.3 Shapes of elliptical galaxies
4.5 Globular Cluster Systems
4.5.1 Globular cluster luminosity function
4.5.2 Specific frequency of globular clusters
4.5.3 Radial density profiles and shapes
4.5.4 Color distributions
SG 6.1 Photometry
6.1.1 The shapes of elliptical galaxies
6.1.2 Twisty, disky, or boxy?
Elliptical galaxies. II
BM 8.3 The ISM in Elliptical Galaxies
8.3.1 X-ray emitting plasma
8.3.2 Cool gas in ellipticals
11.1 Measuring the Kinematics of External Galaxies
11.1.1 Mean velocities and velocity dispersions
11.1.2 Analysis of line profiles
11.1.3 Position-velocity diagrams and data cubes
11.2 The Stellar Kinematics of Elliptical Galaxies
11.2.1 Large-scale properties
11.2.2 Decoupled cores
4.3.4 Correlations among global parameters of elliptical galaxies
SG 6.2.1 Measuring stellar velocities
6.2.2 The Faber-Jackson relation and the fundamental plane
6.3 Stellar Populations and Gas
6.5.1 Rich clusters of galaxies
Disk galaxies. I
BT 6.1 1 Observations
BM 4.4 Photometry of Disk Galaxies
4.4.1 Photometric effects of dust
4.4.2 Overall shapes of disk galaxies
4.4.3 Bulge-disk decomposition
4.4.4 Shapes of bulges
4.4.5 Color and metalicity gradients in disk galaxies
4.4.6 Spiral structure in disk galaxies
4.4.7 Barred galaxies
SG 5.1.2 Surface photometry of disk galaxies
5.2.2 Cool gas in the disk
5.4.1 Observed spiral patterns
5.4.3 Barred disks
5.5 Bulges and the Centers of Disk Galaxies
Disk galaxies. II
BM 8.2 The ISM in Disk Galaxies
8.2.1 Global measures
8.2.2 Radial density profiles
8.2.3 Azimuthal distributions
8.2.4 Velocity fields of disks
8.2.5 S0 galaxies
8.2.6 Metallicities of disk galaxies
8.2.7 Magnetic fields
8.2.8 Star formation in disk galaxies
11.3 The Stellar Kinematics of Disk Galaxies
11.3.1 Bulge kinematics
11.3.2 Disk kinematics
SG 5.3 Gas Motions and the Masses of Disk Galaxies
5.3.1 The rotation curve
5.3.3 The Tully-Fisher relations
Interlude: the sequence of disk galaxies
5.6.1 Gas in groups of galaxies
Distances
BM 7.3 Relative Distance Indicators
5.1.10 Pulsating stars
7.3.1 Luminosities of variable stars
7.3.2 Luminosity functions
7.3.3 Novae and supernovae
7.3.4 Distances from galaxy kinematics
7.3.5 Surface brightness fluctuations
7.4 Results
7.4.1 Distances within the Local Group
7.4.2 Distances beyond the Local Group
7.4.3 The asymptotic Hubble constant
SG 4.1.2 Variable stars as `standard candles'
Gravitational fields
BT 2 1 General results
2.1 Spherical Systems
1 Newton's theorems
2 Potentials of some simple systems
2.2 Potential-Density Pairs for Flattened Systems
1 Plummer-Kuzmin models
2 Logarithmic potentials
2.6 3 Disk potentials via Bessel functions
SG 3.1
Orbits, integrals, & chaos
BT 3.1 Orbits in Static Spherical Potentials
1 Constants and integrals of the motion
3.2 Orbits in Axisymmetric Potentials
1 Motion in the meridional plane
2 Surfaces of section
3.3 Orbits in Planar Non-Axisymmetric Potentials
1 Two-dimensional nonrotating potential
3.4 Orbits in Three-Dimensional Triaxial Potentials
1 Nonrotating potential
SG 3.1 Motion Under Gravity
6.2.4 Stellar orbits in a triaxial galaxy
Collisionless Boltzmann equation
BT 4 1 The relaxation time
4.1 The Collisionless Boltzmann Equation
SG 3.2 Why the Galaxy isn't Bumpy: Two-Body Relaxation
3.2.1 Strong close encounters
3.2.2 Distant weak encounters
3.4 The Collisionless Boltzmann Equation
N-body methods
BT 2.8 Numerical Methods
Dark matter in disk galaxies
BT 10.1 6 Rotation curves of galaxies
7(a) Tidal radii
7(b) Disk stability
SG 5.3.2 Dark matter in disk galaxies
Shapes of elliptical galaxies
BT 4.3 The Virial Equations
SG 6.2.3 How fast should an elliptical galaxy rotate?
Dark matter in elliptical galaxies
BT 4.2 The Jeans Equations
1(d) Velocity dispersions in spherical systems
10.1 7(c) X-ray halos of elliptical galaxies
SG 6.4 Dark matter and black holes
6.4.1 Dark halos
Black holes in galactic nuclei
BM 11.2.2 Detection of black holes
4.6 Abnormal Galaxies
4.6.2 Systems with active galactic nuclei
4.6.3 Host galaxies of AGN
4.6.4 The unified model of AGN
SG 6.4.2 Central black holes?
Kormendy, J. & Richstone, D. 1995, ARA&A 33: 581-624
Local stability of disk galaxies
BT 6.2 Wave Mechanics of Differentially Rotating Disks
1 Preliminaries
3 Local stability of differentially rotating disks
Theories of spiral structure
BT 3.2 3 Nearly circular orbits: epicycles and the velocity ellipsoid
6.3 2(a) The swing amplifier
6.4 Theories of Spiral Structure
1 The Lin-Shu hypothesis
2 Other density-wave theories
3 Other theories
4 Summary
The bar instability
BT 3.3 2 Two-dimensional rotating potential
3.3 3 Weak bars
6.3 Global Stability of Differentially Rotating Disks
1 Numerical work on disk stability
2(b) Feedback loops
2(c) Physical interpretation of the bar instability
6.5 Bars
1 Bars as stellar systems
Gas dynamics in barred galaxies
Summary
Warped disk galaxies
BT 6.6 Warps
Binney, J. 1992, ARA&A 30: 51-74
Groups, clusters & LSS
SG 7.1 Observations of Large-Scale Structure
7.3 Growth of Structure: Peculiar Motions
7.3.1 How do peculiar velocities bulid up?
7.4 Growth of Structure: Clusters, Walls, and Voids
Interactions & dynamical friction
BT 7.1 Dynamical Friction
1 Applications of dynamical friction
7.4 2 Mergers of spinning galaxies
SG 5.6.2 Galaxy collisions and mergers
Barnes, J.E. & Hernquist, L. 1992, ARA&A 30: 705-742
Mergers & starburst galaxies
BT 7.4 Mergers
1 Encounters between spherical galaxies
3 Observations of galaxy mergers
BM 4.6.1 Starbursting systems
SG 6.5.2 Elliptical galaxies: nature, nurture, or merger?
Sanders, D.B. & Mirabel, I.F. 1996, ARA&A 34: 749-792
Spectrophotometric evolution
BT 9.1 Luminosity and Color Evolution of Galaxies
1 Elliptical galaxies
2 Spiral galaxies
3 Observations
BM 5.4 Evolution of stellar populations
5.4.1 Analytical results
5.4.2 Numerical models of population evolution
Chemical evolution
BT 9.2 Chemical Evolution of Disk Galaxies
1 The one-zone model
2 The disk-spheroid model
3 The accretion model
4 Relationship between metallicity and age
5 Summary
9.3 Early Evolution of Spheroidal Components
1 Inflows and outflows
2 Chemical enrichment of spheroidal components
3 Summary
BM 5.2 Synthesis of the chemical elements
5.2.1 Basic nuclear physics
5.2.2 Metal production at ...
5.2.3 Supernovae
5.3 Models of Chemical Enrichment
5.2.1 The closed-box model
5.2.2 The leaky-box model
5.2.3 The accreting-box model
Evolution of star clusters
BT 8 KINETIC THEORY
8.2 The Gravothermal Catastrophe
8.4 The Evolution of Spherical Stellar Systems
1 Evaporation and ejection
2 Core collapse
3 Equipartition
4 Binary stars
5 Inelastic encounters
6 Binaries and core collapse
Populations & components of the MW
BM 10.1 Gross Structure form Surface Photometry
10.2 The Bulge
10.4 The Structure of the Stellar Disk
10.5 The Halo
Kinematics of the disk
BM 10.3 Kinematics of Stars Near the Sun
Globular clusters, moving groups & other relics
BM 10.7 Formation and Evolution of the Mikly Way

Joshua E. Barnes (barnes@ifa.hawaii.edu)
Last modified: January 3, 2005
http://www.ifa.hawaii.edu/~barnes/ast626_05/reading.html