Interacting binary galaxies. V - NGC 4782/4783 (3C 278): Unbound colliders, not a supermassive pair

Borne, K.D., Balcells, M., & Hoessel, J.G. 1988. Ap. J. 333, 567.

CCD imaging data of the elliptical galaxies NGC 4782 and NGC 4783 have been analyzed along with published spectroscopic measurements in order to develop a viable interaction model for this system. The best-fit model suggests that the binary orbit was hyperbolic before the encounter, but that the energy loss during the collision has led to a loosely bound system. The total system mass in the region occupied by the luminous matter is shown to be 1.4 x 10 to the 12th solar masses. The results support the previous theory that the internal velocity dispersions of colliding galaxies tend to increase just past closest approach.