Jason P. Byrne, PhD.

Coronal Mass Ejection Model & Data Analysis Postdoctoral Researcher

Institute for Astronomy,
2680 Woodlawn Drive,
Hawaii 96822,

Email: jbyrne at ifa.hawaii.edu
Phone: +1 808 956 6909
Skype: jaydogarg
Twitter: @AfterIWoof

Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are eruptions of plasma and magnetic field from the surface of the Sun into interplanetary space. Travelling at hundreds up to thousands of kilometers per second, with masses on the order of 1e15grams, they are one of the largest manifestations of solar activity in the Heliosphere. Their potential arrival at Earth can result in dramatic space weather effects, as they impact our planet's magnetosphere and cause the spectacular aurorae visible in the night sky. Depending on the strength of the magnetic fields involved, CMEs can be highly geoeffective and cause radiation increases that are of detriment to satellite technologies and human air travel and spaceflight missions. To this end, missions such as the Solar & Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) and the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) have been launched to study the dynamics of CMEs and their effects on space weather. Example movies of STEREO observations and resulting 3D reconstruction of a CME front as it propagated towards Earth on 12 Dec. 2008 are shown below (from the study by Byrne et al. 2010).

.: Notable Publications

Carley, Long, Byrne et al.  Nature Physics (2013)
"Quasiperiodic acceleration of electrons by a plasmoid-driven shock in the solar atmosphere"

Byrne et al.  Astronomy & Astrophysics (2013)
"Improved Methods for Determining the Kinematics of Coronal Mass Ejections and Coronal Waves"

Byrne et al.  Astrophysical Journal (2012)
"Automatic Detection and Tracking of Coronal Mass Ejections. II. Multiscale Filtering of Coronagraph Images"

Byrne et al.  Nature Communications (2010)
"Propagation of an Earth-directed coronal mass ejection in three-dimensions"

Byrne et al.  Astronomy & Astrophysics (2009)
"The Kinematics of Coronal Mass Ejections Using Multiscale Methods"

PhD Thesis (2010)
"The Kinematics and Morphology of Solar Coronal Mass Ejections"

.: Related Media

UH Manoa: "Study Shows Link Between Solar Storms, Dropped Cell Phone Calls"
Belfast Telegraph: "Irish scientists in solar storms breakthrough"
Silicon Republic: "Radio Ga Ga in Ireland today as researchers link up solar storms and radio bursts"
RTE News: "Irish scientists make sun storms breakthrough"
The Herald: "Trinity scientists discover how huge sun storms knock out mobile phones"
NASA Science News: "Solar storms can change directions, surprising forecasters"
Irish Times: "TCD study sheds light on solar power"
ScienceNOW: "The Sun Can Lob Curveballs"
NBC News: "Solar Shocker: Sun storms change directions"
Irish Independent: "Irish scientists shed light on solar storms"
Dublin South FM "The Red Shift" (audio)
Science Gallery: Lightwave Exhibition "The Heliosphere" (video)
RTE's The Investigators: "Space" (video)


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